Incorporated by the General Assembly in 1891, Lumber Bridge residents take pride in its cultural and civic history. Believed to date from 1776, the original land grant was part of the holdings of Levey Glass. The town's name comes from the hand-hewn bridge over the Little Marsh Swamp.

The Lumber Bridge Light Infantry Company, today housed in Parkton, was first chartered in 1547 and remains the oldest North Carolina military company and the second oldest guard in the nation still in active service. Known since the Civil War as the "Scotch Tigers" to honor the fore bearers of this area, the unit has also served in the Spanish-American War and World Wars I and II. Many present guard members are Vietnam and Desert-Storm Veterans. The "Scotch Tigers" National Guard has frequently assisted storm victims, most recently being deployed in response to Hurricane Fran.

The town was also home to the first eastern North Carolina high school which was accredited in 1907. Known for its strong college preparatory program, the school was phased out in 1931 due to a declining town population.

The May 20, 1909 Robesonian highlights the importance of truck farming of vegetables and cotton to this area.

Lumber Bride experienced a loss of jobs and labor force that faced many communities during the depression and war years of the 1930's and 40's. However, an upbeat climate is evidenced today by the new industries that have located here.